FRANCIS XAVIER, ST. (1506-1552). Born in
the family castle of Xavier, near Pamplona in the Basque area of Spanish Navarre on Apr.
7, he was sent to the University of Paris 1552, secured his licentiate in 1528, met
Ignatius Loyola and became one of the seven who in 1534, at Montmartre founded the Society
of Jesus. In 1536 he left Paris to join Ignatius in Venice, from whence they all in tended
to go as missionaries to Palestine (a trip which never materialized), was ordained there
in 1537, went to Rome in 1538, and in 1540, when the pope formally recognized the Society,
was ordered, with Fr. Simon Rodriguez, to the Far East as the first Jesuit missionaries.
King John III kept Fr. Simon in Lisbon, but Francis, after a year's voyage, six months of
which were spent at Mozambique where he preached and gave aid to the sick eventually
arrived in Goa, India in 1542 with Fr. Paul of Camerino an Italian, and Francis Mansihas,
a Portuguese. There he began preaching to the natives and attempted to reform his fellow
Europeans, living among the natives and adopting their customs on his travels. During the
next decade he converted tens of thousands to Christianity. He visited the Paravas at the
tip of India. near Cape Comorin, Tuticorin (1542), Malacca (1545), the Moluccas near New
Guinea and Morotai near the Philippines (1546-47), and Japan (1549- 51). In 1551, India
and the East were set up as a separate province and Ignatius made Francis its first
provincial. In 1552 he set out for China, landed on the island of Sancian within sight of
his goal, but died before he reached the mainland. Working against great difficulties,
language problems ( contrary to legend, he had no proficiency in foreign tongues ),
inadequate funds, and lack of cooperation, often actual resistance, from European
officials, he left the mark of his missionary zeal and energy on areas which clung to
Christianity for centuries. He was canonized in 1622 and proclaimed patron of all foreign
missions by Pope Pius X. F. D. Dec. 3.